a member of the synuclein family. Abundantly expressed in the brain. Inhibits phospholipase D2 selectively. May integrate presynaptic signaling and membrane trafficking. Implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. A major component of amyloid plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Two alternatively spliced isoforms transcripts have been identified. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: alpha-tubulin binding; beta-tubulin binding; calcium ion binding; caspase inhibitor activity; copper ion binding; dynein binding; fatty acid binding; ferrous iron binding; histone binding; identical protein binding; kinesin binding; magnesium ion binding; microtubule binding; oxidoreductase activity; phospholipase binding; phospholipid binding; phosphoprotein binding; protein binding; protein domain specific binding; protein N-terminus binding; tau protein binding; zinc ion binding
Biological Process: adult locomotory behavior; aging; behavioral response to cocaine; calcium ion homeostasis; caspase activation; cellular protein metabolic process; dopamine biosynthetic process; dopamine uptake; fatty acid metabolic process; fibril organization and biogenesis; microglial cell activation; mitochondrial membrane organization and biogenesis; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of caspase activity; negative regulation of dopamine metabolic process; negative regulation of dopamine uptake; negative regulation of exocytosis; negative regulation of histone acetylation; negative regulation of microtubule polymerization; negative regulation of monooxygenase activity; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; negative regulation of norepinephrine uptake; negative regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of serotonin uptake; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; negative regulation of transporter activity; neutral lipid metabolic process; organelle ATP synthesis coupled electron transport; phospholipid metabolic process; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of endocytosis; positive regulation of neurotransmitter secretion; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of receptor recycling; positive regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; protein destabilization; receptor internalization; regulation of acyl-CoA biosynthetic process; regulation of dopamine secretion; regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential; regulation of glutamate secretion; regulation of locomotion; regulation of long-term neuronal synaptic plasticity; regulation of macrophage activation; response to drug; response to iron(II) ion; response to lipopolysaccharide; response to magnesium ion; synapse organization and biogenesis; synaptic vesicle endocytosis
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.