Key component of innate and adaptive immunity. TLRs (Toll-like receptors) control host immune response against pathogens through recognition of molecular patterns specific to microorganisms. Acts via MYD88 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. Belongs to the Toll-like receptor family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Receptor, misc.; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: Xp22
Cellular Component: Golgi membrane; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; integral to membrane; endosome membrane
Molecular Function: single-stranded RNA binding; DNA binding; RNA binding; double-stranded RNA binding; drug binding; receptor activity
Biological Process: I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; regulation of cytokine secretion; response to virus; pathogen-associated molecular pattern dependent induction by symbiont of host innate immunity; positive regulation of interleukin-8 biosynthetic process; positive regulation of interferon-alpha biosynthetic process; toll-like receptor 8 signaling pathway; MyD88-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of innate immune response; positive regulation of interferon-beta biosynthetic process; toll-like receptor signaling pathway; innate immune response; toll-like receptor 9 signaling pathway; immunoglobulin mediated immune response; inflammatory response; defense response to virus; microglial cell activation during immune response; positive regulation of interferon-gamma biosynthetic process
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.