Integrin alpha-IIb/beta-3 is a receptor for fibronectin, fibrinogen, plasminogen, prothrombin, thrombospondin and vitronectin. It recognizes the sequence R-G-D in a wide array of ligands. It recognizes the sequence H-H-L-G-G-G-A-K-Q-A-G-D-V in fibrinogen gamma chain. Following activation integrin alpha- IIb/beta-3 brings about platelet/platelet interaction through binding of soluble fibrinogen. This step leads to rapid platelet aggregation which physically plugs ruptured endothelial cell surface. Belongs to the integrin alpha chain family. Heterodimer of an alpha and a beta subunit. The alpha subunit is composed of an heavy and a light chain linked by a disulfide bond. Alpha-IIb associates with beta-3. Directly interacts with RNF181. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Cell adhesion; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 17q21.32
Cellular Component: platelet alpha granule membrane; focal adhesion; integral to plasma membrane; plasma membrane; integrin complex; external side of plasma membrane
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; protein binding; extracellular matrix binding; metal ion binding
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.