Histone demethylase that specifically demethylates 'Lys- 9' and 'Lys-36' residues of histone H3, thereby playing a central role in histone code. Does not demethylate histone H3 'Lys-4', H3 'Lys-27' nor H4 'Lys-20'. Demethylates trimethylated H3 'Lys-9' and H3 'Lys-36' residue, while it has no activity on mono- and dimethylated residues. Demethylation of Lys residue generates formaldehyde and succinate. Participates in transcriptional repression of ASCL2 and E2F-responsive promoters via the recruitment of histone deacetylases and NCOR1, respectively. Interacts with histone deacetylase proteins HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3. Interacts with RB and NCOR1. Interacts with HTLV-1 Tax protein. Ubiquitous. Belongs to the JHDM3 histone demethylase family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 1.14.11.-; Demethylase; Transcription, coactivator/corepressor; Oxidoreductase
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.