General transcription factor that functions at the core of the DNA-binding multiprotein factor TFIID. Binding of TFIID to the TATA box is the initial transcriptional step of the pre- initiation complex (PIC), playing a role in the activation of eukaryotic genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II. Component of the transcription factor SL1/TIF-IB complex, which is involved in the assembly of the PIC (preinitiation complex) during RNA polymerase I-dependent transcription. The rate of PIC formation probably is primarily dependent on the rate of association of SL1 with the rDNA promoter. SL1 is involved in stabilization of nucleolar transcription factor 1/UBTF on rDNA. Binds DNA as monomer. Belongs to the TFIID complex together with the TBP-associated factors (TAFs). Component of the transcription factor SL1/TIF-IB complex, composed of TBP and at least TAF1A, TAF1B TAF1C and TAF1D. Association of TBP to form either TFIID or SL1/TIF-IB appears to be mutually exclusive. Interacts with TAF1A, TAF1B and TAF1C. Interacts with TFIIB, NCOA6, DRAP1, DR1 and ELF3. Interacts with SPIB, SNAPC1, SNAPC2 and SNAPC4. Interacts with UTF1. Interacts with BRF2. Interacts with UBTF. Interacts with GPBP1. Interacts with CITED2. Interacts with ATF7IP. Interacts with HIV-1 Tat. Widely expressed, with levels highest in the testis and ovary. Belongs to the TBP family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA binding protein; Transcription initiation complex; Nuclear receptor co-regulator
Molecular Function: protein binding; transcription factor binding
Biological Process: transcription from RNA polymerase III promoter; transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; cell death; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter; viral reproduction; virus-host interaction; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; RNA elongation from RNA polymerase II promoter; gene expression; spermatogenesis
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.