Can function as a specific repressor of TGF-beta, activin, and BMP signaling through its interaction with the R-SMAD proteins. Antagonizes TGF-beta-induced cell proliferation arrest. Defects in LEMD3 are the cause of Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome (BOS); also known as dermatoosteopoikilosis or disseminated dermatofibrosis with osteopoikilosis or dermatofibrosis lenticularis disseminata with osteopoikilosis or osteopathia condensans disseminata. BOS refers to the association of osteopoikilosis with disseminated connective-tissue nevi. Osteopoikilosis is a skeletal dysplasia characterized by a symmetric but unequal distribution of multiple hyperostotic areas in different parts of the skeleton. Both elastic-type nevi (juvenile elastoma) and collagen-type nevi (dermatofibrosis lenticularis disseminata) have been described in BOS. Skin or bony lesions can be absent in some family members, whereas other relatives may have both. Defects in LEMD3 are a cause of melorheostosis (MEL). Melorheostosis is a rare mesenchymal dysplasia and one of the sclerosing bone disorders. It is caused by a developmental error, with a sclerotomal distribution, frequently involving one limb. It may be asymptomatic, but pain, stiffness with limitation of motion, leg-length discrepancy and limb deformity may occur. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Nuclear envelope; Membrane protein, multi-pass
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 12q14
Cellular Component: membrane; integral to membrane; nuclear inner membrane; integral to nuclear inner membrane
Molecular Function: protein binding; DNA binding; nucleotide binding
Biological Process: negative regulation of activin receptor signaling pathway; regulation of cell cycle; negative regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of BMP signaling pathway
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.