Protein kinase which is a key regulator of actin cytoskeleton and cell polarity. Involved in regulation of smooth muscle contraction, actin cytoskeleton organization, stress fiber and focal adhesion formation, neurite retraction, cell adhesion and motility via phosphorylation of DAPK3, GFAP, LIMK1, LIMK2, MYL9/MLC2, PFN1 and PPP1R12A. Phosphorylates FHOD1 and acts synergistically with it to promote SRC-dependent non-apoptotic plasma membrane blebbing. Phosphorylates JIP3 and regulates the recruitment of JNK to JIP3 upon UVB-induced stress. Acts as a suppressor of inflammatory cell migration by regulating PTEN phosphorylation and stability. Acts as a negative regulator of VEGF-induced angiogenic endothelial cell activation. Required for centrosome positioning and centrosome-dependent exit from mitosis. Plays a role in terminal erythroid differentiation. May regulate closure of the eyelids and ventral body wall by inducing the assembly of actomyosin bundles. Promotes keratinocyte terminal differentiation. Homodimer. Interacts with RHOB, RHOC, MYLC2B snd PTEN. Interacts with RHOA (activated by GTP), CHORDC1, DAPK3, GEM, JIP3, RHOE, PPP1R12A, PFN1, LIMK1, LIMK2 and TSG101. Interacts with FHOD1 in a Src-dependent manner. Detected in blood platelets. Activated by RHOA binding. Inhibited by Y- 27632. Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Protein kinase, AGC; EC 220.127.116.11; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Kinase, protein; AGC group; DMPK family; ROCK subfamily
Molecular Function: protein serine/threonine kinase activity; protein binding; Rho GTPase binding; metal ion binding; ATP binding; protein kinase activity
Biological Process: regulation of cell adhesion; axon guidance; apoptosis; bleb formation; signal transduction; protein amino acid phosphorylation; Rho protein signal transduction; leukocyte adhesion; negative regulation of angiogenesis; smooth muscle contraction; positive regulation of focal adhesion formation; regulation of stress fiber formation; regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; regulation of focal adhesion formation; myoblast migration; membrane to membrane docking; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; actin cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; leukocyte tethering or rolling; leukocyte migration; regulation of keratinocyte differentiation; cell structure disassembly during apoptosis
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.