Cadherins are calcium dependent cell adhesion proteins. They preferentially interact with themselves in a homophilic manner in connecting cells; cadherins may thus contribute to the sorting of heterogeneous cell types. This cadherin may play a important role in endothelial cell biology through control of the cohesion and organization of the intercellular junctions. It associates with alpha-catenin forming a link to the cytoskeleton. Acts in concert with KRIT1 to establish and maintain correct endothelial cell polarity and vascular lumen. These effects are mediated by recruitment and activation of the Par polarity complex and RAP1B. Required for activation of PRKCZ and for the localization of phosphorylated PRKCZ, PARD3, TIAM1 and RAP1B to the cell junction. Interacts via cadherin 5 domain with PTPRB. Interacts with TRPC4. Interacts with KRIT1. Endothelial tissues and brain. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell adhesion; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 16q22.1
Cellular Component: tight junction; membrane; integral to membrane; plasma membrane; intercellular junction; cell junction
Molecular Function: protein binding; beta-catenin binding; calcium ion binding; protein phosphatase binding; receptor binding
Biological Process: intercellular junction assembly and maintenance; negative regulation of cell proliferation; homophilic cell adhesion; blood vessel maturation
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.