Type I collagen is a member of group I collagen (fibrillar forming collagen). Defects in COL1A1 are the cause of Caffey disease (CAFFD); also known as infantile cortical hyperostosis. Caffey disease is characterized by an infantile episode of massive subperiosteal new bone formation that typically involves the diaphyses of the long bones, mandible, and clavicles. The involved bones may also appear inflamed, with painful swelling and systemic fever often accompanying the illness. The bone changes usually begin before 5 months of age and resolve before 2 years of age. Defects in COL1A1 are a cause of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 1 (EDS1); also known as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome gravis. EDS is a connective tissue disorder characterized by hyperextensible skin, atrophic cutaneous scars due to tissue fragility and joint hyperlaxity. EDS1 is the severe form of classic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Defects in COL1A1 are the cause of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 7A (EDS7A); also known as autosomal dominant Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VII. EDS is a connective tissue disorder characterized by hyperextensible skin, atrophic cutaneous scars due to tissue fragility and joint hyperlaxity. EDS7A is marked by bilateral congenital hip dislocation, hyperlaxity of the joints, and recurrent partial dislocations. Defects in COL1A1 are a cause of osteogenesis imperfecta type 1 (OI1). A dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility and blue sclerae. Osteogenesis imperfecta type 1 is non-deforming with normal height or mild short stature, and no dentinogenesis imperfecta. Defects in COL1A1 are a cause of osteogenesis imperfecta type 2 (OI2); also known as osteogenesis imperfecta congenita. A connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility, with many perinatal fractures, severe bowing of long bones, undermineralization, and death in the perinatal period due to respiratory insufficiency. Defects in COL1A1 are a cause of osteogenesis imperfecta type 3 (OI3). A connective tissue disorder characterized by progressively deforming bones, very short stature, a triangular face, severe scoliosis, grayish sclera, and dentinogenesis imperfecta. Defects in COL1A1 are a cause of osteogenesis imperfecta type 4 (OI4); also known as osteogenesis imperfecta with normal sclerae. A connective tissue disorder characterized by moderately short stature, mild to moderate scoliosis, grayish or white sclera and dentinogenesis imperfecta. Genetic variations in COL1A1 are a cause of susceptibility to osteoporosis (OSTEOP); also known as involutional or senile osteoporosis or postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone mass, disruption of bone microarchitecture without alteration in the composition of bone. Osteoporotic bones are more at risk of fracture. A chromosomal aberration involving COL1A1 is found in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. Translocation t(17;22)(q22;q13) with PDGF. Belongs to the fibrillar collagen family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted, signal peptide; Extracellular matrix; Secreted
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 17q21.33
Cellular Component: extracellular matrix; extracellular space; endoplasmic reticulum lumen; collagen type I; extracellular region
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; protein binding; metal ion binding; extracellular matrix structural constituent; platelet-derived growth factor binding
Biological Process: response to peptide hormone stimulus; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; intramembranous ossification; response to cAMP; collagen fibril organization; embryonic skeletal development; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; response to estradiol stimulus; response to corticosteroid stimulus; extracellular matrix disassembly; protein transport; sensory perception of sound; visual perception; skeletal development; collagen biosynthetic process; response to nutrient; endochondral ossification; blood vessel development; platelet activation; skin morphogenesis; osteoblast differentiation; collagen catabolic process; response to hydrogen peroxide; blood coagulation; leukocyte migration; positive regulation of cell migration
Alt. Names/Synonyms: Alpha-1 type I collagen; CO1A1; COL1A1; collagen alpha 1 chain type I; Collagen alpha-1(I) chain; collagen of skin, tendon and bone, alpha-1 chain; collagen, type I, alpha 1; OI4; pro-alpha-1 collagen type 1
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.