Involved in controlling the equilibrium between tubular and stacked structures in the Golgi complex. Functions in brown adipose tissue (BAT) differentiation. Corepressor targeting diverse transcription regulators such as GLIS2. Has dehydrogenase activity. Homo- or heterodimer. Heterodimer with CTBP2. Interacts with PRDM16; the interaction represses white adipose tissue (WAT)- specific genes expression. Interacts with GLIS2, FOXP2, HDAC4, HDAC5, HDAC9 and ZNF217. Interacts with adenovirus E1A protein (via its C-terminus); the interaction disrupts the interaction of CTBP1 with RBBP8. Interacts with Epstein-Barr virus EBNA3 and EBNA6. Interacts with ELK3 (via its PXDLS motif). Interacts with RBBP8 (via its PXDLS motif); the interaction is disrupted by binding to adenovirus E1A. Interacts with FOXP1, HIPK2, PNN, NRIP1, MECOM, ZNF366, ZFHX1B and WIZ. Interaction with SATB1 (non-acetylated form); the interaction stabilizes its attachment to DNA and promotes transcription repression. Belongs to the D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: protein C-terminus binding; protein domain specific binding; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; transcription factor binding; NAD binding; transcription factor activity; oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Biological Process: negative regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of histone deacetylation; regulation of cell cycle; virus-host interaction; white fat cell differentiation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; viral genome replication; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; protein amino acid phosphorylation; Golgi organization and biogenesis; negative regulation of histone acetylation
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.