a proline-directed ser/thr MAP kinase, and one of four p38 kinases that play important roles in cellular responses evoked by extracellular stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines or physical stress leading to direct activation of transcription factors such as ELK1 and ATF2. Accordingly, p38 MAPKs phosphorylate a broad range of proteins and it has been estimated that they may have a few hundred substrates each. MAPK13 is one of the less studied p38 MAPK isoforms. Some of the targets are downstream kinases such as MAPKAPK2, which are activated through phosphorylation and further phosphorylate additional targets. Plays a role in the regulation of protein translation by phosphorylating and inactivating EEF2K. Involved in cytoskeletal remodeling through phosphorylation of tau and STH. Mediates UV irradiation induced up-regulation of the gene expression of CXCL14. Plays an important role in the regulation of epidermal keratinocyte differentiation, apoptosis and skin tumor development. Phosphorylates the transcriptional activator Myb in response to stress which leads to rapid Myb degradation via a proteasome-dependent pathway. Phosphorylates and down-regulates PKD1 during regulation of insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells. Expressed in testes, pancreas, small intestine, lung and kidney. Abundant in macrophages, also present in neutrophils, CD4+ T-cells, and endothelial cells. This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); EC 126.96.36.199; EC 188.8.131.52; Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, CMGC; CMGC group; MAPK family; p38 subfamily; MAPK/p38 subfamily
Cellular Component: cytosol
Molecular Function: MAP kinase activity; protein serine/threonine kinase activity; protein binding; ATP binding
Biological Process: peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; transcription, DNA-dependent; Ras protein signal transduction; MAPKKK cascade; protein kinase cascade; response to stress; positive regulation of interleukin-6 production; response to osmotic stress; cell cycle; positive regulation of inflammatory response
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.