Component of the Wnt-Fzd-LRP5-LRP6 complex that triggers beta-catenin signaling through inducing aggregation of receptor- ligand complexes into ribosome-sized signalsomes. Cell-surface coreceptor of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, which plays a pivotal role in bone formation. The Wnt-induced Fzd/LRP6 coreceptor complex recruits DVL1 polymers to the plasma membrane which, in turn, recruits the AXIN1/GSK3B-complex to the cell surface promoting the formation of signalsomes and inhibiting AXIN1/GSK3- mediated phosphorylation and destruction of beta-catenin. Required for posterior patterning of the epiblast during gastrulation. Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Forms phosphorylated oligomer aggregates on Wnt-signaling. Forms a WNT-signaling complex formed of a WNT protein, a FZD protein and LRP5 or LRP6. Interacts (via the extracellular domain) with WNT1; the interaction is enhanced by prior formation of the Wnt/Fzd complex. Interacts (via the beta-propeller regions 3 and 4) with WNT3A. Interacts (via the beta-propeller regions 1 and 2) with WNT9B. Interacts with FZD5; the interaction forms a coreceptor complex for Wnt signaling and is inhibited by DKK1 and C1orf187. Interacts (via beta propeller region) with DKK1; the interaction inhibits FZD5/LRP6 complex formation. Interacts with DKK2. Interacts with C1orf187/DRAXIN; the interaction inhibits Wnt signaling. Interacts (via the phosphorylated PPPSP motifs) with AXIN1; the interaction recruits the AXIN1/GSK3B complex to cell surface LRP6 signalsomes. Interacts with GRB10; the interaction prevents AXIN1 binding, thus negatively regulating the Wnt signaling pathway. Interacts (via the extracellular domain) with RSPO1; the interaction activates Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Interacts (via the extracellular domain) with RSPO3 (via the cysteine rich domain); the interaction activates Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Interacts (via the beta- propeller regions 1 and 2) with SOST; the interaction competes with DKK1 for binding for inhibiting beta-catenin signaling. Interacts with MESD; the interaction prevents the formation of LRP6 aggregates and targets LRP6 to the plasma membrane. Interacts (via the cytoplasmic domain) with CSNKIE; the interaction phosphorylates LRP6, binds AXIN1 and inhibits AXIN1/GSK3B-mediated phosphorylation of beta-catenin. Interacts with MACF1. Decreased levels on WNT3A stimulation. Widely co-expressed with LRP5 during embryogenesis and in adult tissues. Belongs to the LDLR family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Receptor, misc.; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 12p13.2
Cellular Component: Golgi apparatus; cell surface; endoplasmic reticulum; early endosome; extracellular region; integral to membrane; caveola; cell soma; early endosome membrane; plasma membrane; synapse; cytoplasmic vesicle; receptor complex
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.