an AGC kinase. Plays critical roles in glucose metabolism and the development or maintenance of proper adipose tissue and islet mass for which other Akt/PKB isoforms are unable to fully compensate. Amplified and overexpressed in human ovarian carcinoma cell lines and amplified in some primary ovarian and pancreatic tumors. Antisense blocks invasiveness in xenografts. Expressed in several insulin-responsive tissues, and one case of Type II diabetes has been associated with a likely LOF point mutation. Mouse mutants have defects in insulin response. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 18.104.22.168; Protein kinase, AGC; Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); AGC group; AKT family
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 19q13.1-q13.2
Molecular Function: protein serine/threonine kinase activity; protein binding; kinase activity; ATP binding
Biological Process: fat cell differentiation; glycogen biosynthetic process; apoptosis; positive regulation of glycogen biosynthetic process; carbohydrate transport; intracellular protein transport across a membrane; myelin maintenance in the peripheral nervous system; positive regulation of vesicle fusion; glucose metabolic process; protein modification process; signal transduction; regulation of cell migration; protein amino acid phosphorylation; positive regulation of fatty acid beta-oxidation; regulation of translation; positive regulation of glucose import; cellular response to insulin stimulus; insulin receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; activation of Ral GTPase
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.