Transcriptional coactivator involved in neuroepithelial stem cell differentiation and neurogenesis. Involved in particular in lens epithelial cell gene regulation and stress responses. May play an important role in lens epithelial to fiber cell terminal differentiation. May play a protective role during stress-induced apoptosis. Isoform 2 is a more general and stronger transcriptional coactivator. Isoform 2 may also act as an adapter to coordinate pre-mRNA splicing. Cellular cofactor for lentiviral integration. Monomer. Interacts with IFRD1/PC4. Isoform 2 interacts with SFRS1. Isoform 1 interacts POGZ and CDCA7L. Isoform 1 interacts with lentiviral integrase and acts as a chromatin tethering factor to the chromosomal DNA. Isoform 1 interacts in particular with the human HIV-1 integrase protein (HIV-1 IN), determining its nuclear localization, its tight association with chromatin and its protection from the proteasome. Isoform 1 interacts also with HIV-2 IN. Isoform 2 does not interact with HIV-1 IN. Widely expressed. Expressed at high level in the thymus. Expressed in fetal and adult brain. Expressed in neurons, but not astrocytes. Markedly elevated in fetal as compared to adult brain. In the adult brain, expressed in the subventricular zone (SVZ), in hippocampus, and undetectable elsewhere. In the fetal brain, expressed in the germinal neuroepithelium and cortical plate regions. Belongs to the HDGF family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Transcription, coactivator/corepressor
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; protein binding; transcription activator binding; chromatin binding
Biological Process: nuclear mRNA 5'-splice site recognition; regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; viral reproduction; transcription, DNA-dependent; response to heat; virus-host interaction; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; response to oxidative stress
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.