a tyrosine kinase-like kinase of the MLK family. Couples integrins and growth factors to downstream pathways involved in cell survival, cell cycle control, cell-cell adhesion and cell motility. Functions as a scaffold bridging the extra-cellular matrix and growth factor receptors to the actin cytoskeleton through interactions with the ILK-PINCH complex. This complex, which includes integrin, PINCH (which links ILK to receptor tyrosine kinases via Nck2), PARVA and affixin, is considered to be one of the convergence points of integrin- and growth factor-signaling pathways. May be implicated in mediating cell architecture, adhesion to integrin substrates and anchorage-dependent growth in epithelial cells. Stimulated downstream of PI3 kinase. Increased expression is correlated with progression of several tumor types, including breast, prostate, and colon carcinomas. Overexpression drives anchorage-independent growth and faster cell cycle. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: EC 18.104.22.168; Protein kinase, TKL; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Kinase, protein; TKL group; MLK family; ILK subfamily
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.