Component of a splicing-dependent multiprotein exon junction complex (EJC) deposited at splice junction on mRNAs. The EJC is a dynamic structure consisting of a few core proteins and several more peripheral nuclear and cytoplasmic associated factors that join the complex only transiently either during EJC assembly or during subsequent mRNA metabolism. Core components of the EJC, that remains bound to spliced mRNAs throughout all stages of mRNA metabolism, functions to mark the position of the exon-exon junction in the mature mRNA and thereby influences downstream processes of gene expression including mRNA splicing, nuclear mRNA export, subcellular mRNA localization, translation efficiency and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). The heterodimer MAGOH-RBM8A interacts with PYM that function to enhance the translation of EJC-bearing spliced mRNAs by recruiting them to the ribosomal 48S preinitiation complex. Remains associated with mRNAs in the cytoplasm until the mRNAs engage the translation machinery. Its removal from cytoplasmic mRNAs requires translation initiation from EJC-bearing spliced mRNAs. Associates preferentially with mRNAs produced by splicing. Does not interact with pre-mRNAs, introns, or mRNAs produced from intronless cDNAs. Associates with both nuclear mRNAs and newly exported cytoplasmic mRNAs. Complex with MAGOH is a component of the nonsense mediated decay (NMD) pathway. Belongs to the RBM8A family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: RNA binding protein; RNA splicing; Translation; Spliceosome
Molecular Function: mRNA binding; protein binding; RNA binding; nucleotide binding
Biological Process: regulation of translation; transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; nuclear mRNA splicing, via spliceosome; mRNA export from nucleus; RNA splicing; mRNA catabolic process, nonsense-mediated decay; gene expression; mRNA 3'-end processing; termination of RNA polymerase II transcription; regulation of alternative nuclear mRNA splicing, via spliceosome
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.