Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4). Histone deacetylation gives a tag for epigenetic repression and plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression and developmental events. Histone deacetylases act via the formation of large multiprotein complexes. Plays a central role in microtubule-dependent cell motility via deacetylation of tubulin. Interacts with CBFA2T3, HDAC11 and SIRT2. Interacts with F-actin. Interacts with BBIP10. Under proteasome impairment conditions, interacts with UBD via its histone deacetylase 1 and UBP-type zinc-finger regions. Interacts with CYLD. Interacts with ZMYND15. Belongs to the histone deacetylase family. HD type 2 subfamily. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Deacetylase; EC 184.108.40.206; Nuclear receptor co-regulator; Ubiquitin conjugating system
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: Xp11.23
Cellular Component: microtubule; dendrite; leading edge; histone deacetylase complex; perikaryon; caveola; inclusion body; cytosol; dynein complex; microtubule associated complex; cytoplasmic microtubule; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; axon; cytoplasm; nucleus
Biological Process: negative regulation of proteolysis; response to misfolded protein; protein polyubiquitination; transcription, DNA-dependent; positive regulation of signal transduction; ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process via the multivesicular body pathway; negative regulation of microtubule depolymerization; macroautophagy; response to toxin; misfolded or incompletely synthesized protein catabolic process; histone deacetylation; response to organic substance; intracellular protein transport; protein complex disassembly; protein amino acid deacetylation; lysosome localization; negative regulation of oxidoreductase activity; regulation of receptor activity; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; negative regulation of protein complex disassembly
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.