Acts as a transcriptional repressor. Inhibits interleukin-2 (IL-2) gene expression. Enhances or represses the promoter activity of the ATP1A1 gene depending on the quantity of cDNA and on the cell type. Represses E-cadherin promoter and induces an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by recruiting SMARCA4/BRG1. Represses BCL6 transcription in the presence of the corepressor CTBP1. Positively regulates neuronal differentiation. Represses RCOR1 transcription activation during neurogenesis. Represses transcription by binding to the E box (5'-CANNTG-3'). Promotes tumorigenicity by repressing stemness-inhibiting microRNAs. Interacts (via N-terminus) with SMARCA4/BRG1. Colocalizes with SMARCA4/BRG1 in E-cadherin- negative cells from established lines, and stroma of normal colon as well as in de-differentiated epithelial cells at the invasion front of colorectal carcinomas. Expressed in heart and skeletal muscle, but not in liver, spleen, or pancreas. Belongs to the delta-EF1/ZFH-1 C2H2-type zinc-finger family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: C2H2-type zinc finger protein; Transcription, coactivator/corepressor; DNA binding protein; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Molecular Function: protein binding; zinc ion binding; sequence-specific DNA binding; transcription coactivator activity; double-stranded DNA binding; chromatin binding; transcription factor activity; transcription factor binding; transcription corepressor activity
Biological Process: response to nutrient levels; transcription, DNA-dependent; regulation of T cell differentiation in the thymus; semicircular canal morphogenesis; negative regulation of epithelial cell differentiation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; pattern specification process; embryonic skeletal morphogenesis; regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation; cell proliferation; negative regulation of cell proliferation; regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; cartilage development; forebrain development; regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; immune response; embryonic camera-type eye morphogenesis; response to activity; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; positive regulation of neuron differentiation
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.