Regulatory component of the cyclin D3-CDK4 (DC) complex that phosphorylates and inhibits members of the retinoblastoma (RB) protein family including RB1 and regulates the cell-cycle during G(1)/S transition. Phosphorylation of RB1 allows dissociation of the transcription factor E2F from the RB/E2F complex and the subsequent transcription of E2F target genes which are responsible for the progression through the G(1) phase. Hypophosphorylates RB1 in early G(1) phase. Cyclin D-CDK4 complexes are major integrators of various mitogenenic and antimitogenic signals. Also substrate for SMAD3, phosphorylating SMAD3 in a cell-cycle-dependent manner and repressing its transcriptional activity. Component of the ternary complex, cyclin D3/CDK4/p27Kip1, required for nuclear translocation and activity of the cyclin D-CDK4 complex. Interacts with the CDK4 and CDK6 protein kinases to form a serine/threonine kinase holoenzyme complex. The cyclin subunit imparts substrate specificity to the complex. Interacts with ATF5. Interacts with EIF3K. Component of the ternary complex cyclin D/CDK4/p27Kip1 required for nuclear translocation and modulation of CDK4-mediated kinase activity. Can form similar complexes with either p21Cip1 or CDKN2A. Belongs to the cyclin family. Cyclin D subfamily. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Activator protein; Cell cycle regulation; Nuclear receptor co-regulator
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 6p21
Cellular Component: membrane; cytoplasm; cyclin-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme complex; nucleus
Molecular Function: protein binding; cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity; protein kinase binding
Biological Process: T cell proliferation; positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity; cell division; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; cell cycle; signal transduction
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.