Participates in the innate immune response to microbial agents. Cooperates with TLR2 to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipoproteins or lipopeptides. Acts via MYD88 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. Binds MYD88 (via TIR domain). Interacts with CNPY3. Interacts (via extracellular domain) with TLR2. Ligand binding induces the formation of a heterodimer with TLR2. Ubiquitous. Highly expressed in spleen, ovary, peripheral blood leukocytes, thymus and small intestine. Belongs to the Toll-like receptor family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.