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Protein Page:
Kir6.2 (human)
p Phosphorylation
ac Acetylation
me Methylation
m1 Mono-methylation
m2 Di-methylation
m3 Tri-methylation
ub Ubiquitination
sm Sumoylation
ne Neddylation
gl O-GlcNAc
ga O-GalNAc
pa Palmitoylation
ad Adenylylation
sn S-Nitrosylation
ca Caspase cleavage
sc Succinylation

Overview
Kir6.2 This receptor is controlled by G proteins. Inward rectifier potassium channels are characterized by a greater tendency to allow potassium to flow into the cell rather than out of it. Their voltage dependence is regulated by the concentration of extracellular potassium; as external potassium is raised, the voltage range of the channel opening shifts to more positive voltages. The inward rectification is mainly due to the blockage of outward current by internal magnesium. Can be blocked by extracellular barium. Subunit of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP). Can form cardiac and smooth muscle-type KATP channels with ABCC9. KCNJ11 forms the channel pore while ABCC9 is required for activation and regulation. Defects in KCNJ11 are the cause of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia type 2 (HHF2); also known as persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PPHI) or congenital hyperinsulinism. HHF is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infancy and is due to defective negative feedback regulation of insulin secretion by low glucose levels. It causes nesidioblastosis, a diffuse abnormality of the pancreas in which there is extensive, often disorganized formation of new islets. Unless early and aggressive intervention is undertaken, brain damage from recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia may occur. Defects in KCNJ11 are a cause of diabetes mellitus permanent neonatal (PNDM). PNDM is a rare form of diabetes distinct from childhood-onset autoimmune diabetes mellitus type 1. It is characterized by insulin-requiring hyperglycemia that is diagnosed within the first months of life. Permanent neonatal diabetes requires lifelong therapy. Defects in KCNJ11 are the cause of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus type 3 (TNDM3). Neonatal diabetes mellitus, defined as insulin-requiring hyperglycemia within the first month of life, is a rare entity. In about half of the neonates, diabetes is transient and resolves at a median age of 3 months, whereas the rest have a permanent form of diabetes. In a significant number of patients with transient neonatal diabetes mellitus, diabetes type 2 appears later in life. The onset and severity of TNDM3 is variable with childhood-onset diabetes, gestational diabetes or adult-onset diabetes described. Defects in KCNJ11 may contribute to non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), also known as diabetes mellitus type 2. Belongs to the inward rectifier-type potassium channel (TC 1.A.2.1) family. KCNJ11 subfamily. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Channel, potassium
Cellular Component: voltage-gated potassium channel complex; mitochondrion; integral to plasma membrane; endoplasmic reticulum; T-tubule; ATP-sensitive potassium channel complex; nuclear envelope; axolemma; cytosol; cell soma; plasma membrane; myelin sheath; endosome
Molecular Function: protein C-terminus binding; potassium ion binding; voltage-gated potassium channel activity; heat shock protein binding; ATP-activated inward rectifier potassium channel activity; ankyrin binding; ATP binding
Biological Process: response to drug; synaptic transmission; regulation of membrane potential; potassium ion import; energy reserve metabolic process; glucose metabolic process; response to testosterone stimulus; regulation of insulin secretion; response to ATP; response to estradiol stimulus; negative regulation of insulin secretion; neurological system process
Reference #:  Q14654 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: ATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 11; beta-cell inward rectifier subunit; BIR; HHF2; IKATP; Inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir6.2; inwardly rectifying potassium channel KIR6.2; IRK11; KCNJ11; KIR6.2; MGC133230; PHHI; potassium channel inwardly rectifing subfamily J member 11; Potassium channel, inwardly rectifying subfamily J member 11; potassium inwardly-rectifying channel J11; potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 11; TNDM3
Gene Symbols: KCNJ11
Molecular weight: 43,541 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.15  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Select Structure to View Below

Kir6.2

Protein Structure Not Found.


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Sites Implicated In
activity, inhibited: T224‑p

Modification Sites and Domains Show Modification Legend
Click here to view phosphorylation modifications only

Modification Sites in Parent Protein, Orthologs, and Isoforms Show Modification Legend
 

Show Multiple Sequence Alignment


 SS 

SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.


 MS 

MS: The number of records in which this modification site was assigned using ONLY proteomic discovery-mode mass spectrometry.


       human

 
0 1 K5 ___MLSRKGIIPEEY
0 1 Y26-p EDPAEPRyRARQRRA
2 0 T180-p QAHRRAEtLIFSKHA
0 1 S208-p RVGDLRKsMIISATI
3 0 T224-p MQVVRKTtSPEGEVV
0 1 K332-ub RYSVDYSkFGNTIKV
1 0 T341 GNTIKVPTPLCTARQ
1 0 S372 RGPLRKRSVPMAKAK
2 1 S385 AKPKFSISPDSLS__
0 1 S388 KFSISPDSLS_____
  mouse

 
K5-ub ___MLSRkGIIPEEY
Y26 EDPAEPRYRTRERRA
T180-p QAHRRAEtLIFSKHA
S208 RVGDLRKSMIISATI
T224-p MQVVRKTtSPEGEVV
K332 RYSVDYSKFGNTIKV
T341-p GNTIKVPtPLCTARQ
S372-p RGPLRKRsVAVAKAK
S385-p AKPKFSIsPDsLS__
S388-p KFSIsPDsLS_____
  rat

 
K5 ___MLSRKGIIPEEY
Y26 EDPTEPRYRTRERRA
T180 QAHRRAETLIFSKHA
S208 RVGDLRKSMIISATI
T224 MQVVRKTTSPEGEVV
K332 RYSVDYSKFGNTVKV
T341 GNTVKVPTPLCTARQ
S372 RGPLRKRSVAVAKAK
S385-p AKPKFSIsPDSLS__
S388 KFSIsPDSLS_____
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