associated with autosomal recessive early onset parkinsonism. Involved in the oxidative stress response. Three cysteines in DJ-1 may be oxidized to cysteine sulphonic acid in the cellular response to H2O2. Loss of DJ-1 function may lead to neurodegeneration. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Transcription regulation; Oncoprotein; EC 3.4.-.-; Nuclear receptor co-regulator
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; oxidoreductase activity, acting on peroxide as acceptor; protein homodimerization activity; mercury ion binding; transcription coactivator activity; transcription factor binding; mRNA binding; peptidase activity; protein binding; copper ion binding; enzyme binding; androgen receptor binding; peroxiredoxin activity; cytokine binding; double-stranded DNA binding; glyoxalase III activity; kinase binding; superoxide dismutase copper chaperone activity; single-stranded DNA binding; receptor binding
Biological Process: negative regulation of protein export from nucleus; adult locomotory behavior; protein deglycosylation; membrane hyperpolarization; proteolysis; glycolate biosynthetic process; positive regulation of interleukin-8 production; regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential; negative regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; single fertilization; regulation of neuron apoptosis; enzyme active site formation via L-cysteine sulfinic acid; dopamine uptake; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; negative regulation of protein binding; inflammatory response; mitochondrion organization and biogenesis; protein stabilization; activation of protein kinase B; regulation of TRAIL receptor biosynthetic process; detoxification of copper ion; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; negative regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; negative regulation of protein sumoylation; methylglyoxal catabolic process to D-lactate; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; membrane depolarization; detoxification of mercury ion; regulation of inflammatory response; Ras protein signal transduction; negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity; hydrogen peroxide metabolic process; autophagy; negative regulation of protein kinase activity; lactate biosynthetic process; negative regulation of protein ubiquitination; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of transcription factor activity; negative regulation of apoptosis
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.