Receptor for glutamate. The activity of this receptor is mediated by a G-protein that activates a phosphatidylinositol- calcium second messenger system. May participate in the central action of glutamate in the CNS, such as long-term potentiation in the hippocampus and long-term depression in the cerebellum. Homodimer; disulfide-linked. The PPXXF motif binds HOMER1, HOMER2 and HOMER3. Interacts with SIAH1, RYR1, RYR2, ITPR1, SHANK1, SHANK3 and GRASP. Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 3 family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: GPCR, family 3; Receptor, GPCR; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 6q24
Cellular Component: integral to plasma membrane; postsynaptic density; dendrite; plasma membrane; nucleus
Biological Process: G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; synaptic transmission; elevation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration during G-protein signaling, coupled to IP3 second messenger (phospholipase C activating); regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergic; activation of MAPKK activity; activation of MAPK activity; protein kinase C activation; metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway; locomotory behavior; regulation of sensory perception of pain; sensory perception of pain
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.