Growth factor for endothelial cells. VEGF-B167 binds heparin and neuropilin-1 whereas the binding to neuropilin-1 of VEGF-B186 is regulated by proteolysis. Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Can also form heterodimer with VEGF. Expressed in all tissues except liver. Highest levels found in heart, skeletal muscle and pancreas. Belongs to the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Cell cycle regulation; Cytokine; Secreted, signal peptide
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 11q13
Cellular Component: extracellular space; membrane; extracellular region
Molecular Function: heparin binding; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; growth factor activity; protein heterodimerization activity; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 binding; chemoattractant activity
Biological Process: response to drug; platelet activation; protein amino acid O-linked glycosylation; positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of vascular permeability; induction of positive chemotaxis; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; platelet degranulation; positive chemotaxis; positive regulation of cell division; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; angiogenesis; blood coagulation; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of apoptosis; cardiac muscle contraction
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.