Appears to regulate cell growth through interactions with the extracellular matrix and cytokines. Binds calcium and copper, several types of collagen, albumin, thrombospondin, PDGF and cell membranes. There are two calcium binding sites; an acidic domain that binds 5 to 8 Ca(2+) with a low affinity and an EF-hand loop that binds a Ca(2+) ion with a high affinity. Belongs to the SPARC family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted; Secreted, signal peptide
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 5q31.3-q32
Molecular Function: collagen binding; protein binding; extracellular matrix binding; calcium ion binding
Biological Process: receptor-mediated endocytosis; platelet activation; response to peptide hormone stimulus; response to gravity; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; ossification; response to cAMP; heart development; response to glucocorticoid stimulus; response to lipopolysaccharide; signal transduction; response to L-ascorbic acid; negative regulation of angiogenesis; platelet degranulation; response to cadmium ion; response to ethanol; response to cytokine stimulus; negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; response to lead ion; regulation of cell morphogenesis; response to calcium ion; blood coagulation; inner ear development; lung development
LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.