Binds to the patched (PTC) receptor, which functions in association with smoothened (SMO), to activate the transcription of target genes. In the absence of SHH, PTC represses the constitutive signaling activity of SMO. Also regulates another target, the gli oncogene. Intercellular signal essential for a variety of patterning events during development: signal produced by the notochord that induces ventral cell fate in the neural tube and somites, and the polarizing signal for patterning of the anterior-posterior axis of the developing limb bud. Displays both floor plate- and motor neuron-inducing activity. The threshold concentration of N-product required for motor neuron induction is 5-fold lower than that required for floor plate induction. Interacts with HHATL/GUP1 which negatively regulates HHAT-mediated palmitoylation of the SHH N-terminus. N-product is active as a multimer. Expressed in fetal intestine, liver, lung, and kidney. Not expressed in adult tissues. Belongs to the hedgehog family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell development/differentiation; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Cell cycle regulation
Alt. Names/Synonyms: HHG-1; HHG1; HLP3; HPE3; MCOPCB5; SHH; SMMCI; sonic hedgehog homolog (Drosophila); Sonic hedgehog protein; Sonic hedgehog protein C-product; Sonic hedgehog protein N-product; TPT; TPTPS
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.