Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF10A/TRAILR1, TNFRSF10B/TRAILR2, TNFRSF10C/TRAILR3, TNFRSF10D/TRAILR4 and possibly also to TNFRSF11B/OPG. Induces apoptosis. Its activity may be modulated by binding to the decoy receptors TNFRSF10C/TRAILR3, TNFRSF10D/TRAILR4 and TNFRSF11B/OPG that cannot induce apoptosis. Homotrimer. Widespread; most predominant in spleen, lung and prostate. Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cytokine; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 3q26
Cellular Component: extracellular space; integral to plasma membrane; extracellular region
Molecular Function: protein binding; metal ion binding; cytokine activity; tumor necrosis factor receptor binding; receptor binding
Biological Process: caspase activation; positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; cell-cell signaling; positive regulation of apoptosis; apoptosis; male gonad development; positive regulation of caspase activity; immune response; signal transduction; response to insulin stimulus
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.