a calcium-regulated membrane-binding protein whose affinity for calcium is greatly enhanced by anionic phospholipids. It binds two calcium ions with high affinity. Heterotetramer containing 2 light chains of S100A10 2 heavy chains of ANXA2. May cross-link plasma membrane phospholipids with actin and the cytoskeleton and be involved with exocytosis. Annexins are a family of structurally related proteins whose common property is calcium-dependent binding to phospholipids. There are at least ten different annexins in mammalian species. Annexins do not contain signal peptides, yet some annexins (A1, A2 and A5) appear to be secreted in a physiologically regulated fashion. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Calcium-binding protein; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Lipid binding protein
Cellular Component: extrinsic to plasma membrane; extracellular space; cell surface; protein complex; early endosome; lipid particle; cell cortex; lipid raft; ruffle; extracellular matrix; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; melanosome; basement membrane; midbody; sarcolemma
Molecular Function: phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate binding; protein binding; calcium-dependent phospholipid binding; phospholipase A2 inhibitor activity; cytoskeletal protein binding; calcium ion binding; Rab GTPase binding
Biological Process: fibrinolysis; positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation; collagen fibril organization; negative regulation of catalytic activity; protein heterotetramerization; positive regulation of vesicle fusion; positive regulation of binding; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; angiogenesis; lipid raft formation; body fluid secretion; membrane budding
Alt. Names/Synonyms: Annexin A2; Annexin II; Annexin-2; ANX2; ANX2L4; ANXA2; CAL1H; Calpactin I heavy chain; calpactin I heavy polypeptide; Calpactin-1 heavy chain; chromobindin 8; Chromobindin-8; LIP2; Lipocortin II; LPC2; LPC2D; p36; PAP-IV; Placental anticoagulant protein IV; Protein I
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.