Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4). Histone deacetylation gives a tag for epigenetic repression and plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression and developmental events. Histone deacetylases act via the formation of large multiprotein complexes. Involved in muscle maturation by repressing transcription of myocyte enhancer factors such as MEF2A, MEF2B and MEF2C. During muscle differentiation, it shuttles into the cytoplasm, allowing the expression of myocyte enhancer factors. May be involved in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latency, possibly by repressing the viral BZLF1 gene. Interacts with HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3, HDAC4, HDAC5, NCOR1, NCOR2, SIN3A, SIN3B, RBBP4, RBBP7, MTA1L1, SAP30 and MBD3. Interacts with the 14-3-3 protein YWHAE, MEF2A, MEF2B and MEF2C. Interacts with KAT5 and EDNRA. Interacts with KDM5B. Interacts with ZMYND15. Belongs to the histone deacetylase family. HD type 2 subfamily. 10 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Molecular Function: protein binding; NAD-dependent histone deacetylase activity (H3-K9 specific); transcription activator binding; protein kinase C binding; NAD-dependent histone deacetylase activity (H3-K14 specific); metal ion binding; chromatin binding; NAD-dependent histone deacetylase activity (H4-K16 specific); transcription corepressor activity; protein kinase binding
Biological Process: intercellular junction assembly; Notch signaling pathway; transcription, DNA-dependent; negative regulation of osteoblast differentiation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; vasculogenesis; negative regulation of interleukin-2 production
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.