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Protein Page:
LCN2 (mouse)

Overview
LCN2 Iron-trafficking protein involved in multiple processes such as apoptosis, innate immunity and renal development. Binds iron through association with 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5- DHBA), a siderophore that shares structural similarities with bacterial enterobactin, and delivers or removes iron from the cell, depending on the context. Iron-bound form (holo-24p3) is internalized following binding to the SLC22A17 (24p3R) receptor, leading to release of iron and subsequent increase of intracellular iron concentration. In contrast, association of the iron-free form (apo-24p3) with the SLC22A17 (24p3R) receptor is followed by association with an intracellular siderophore, iron chelation and iron transfer to the extracellular medium, thereby reducing intracellular iron concentration. Involved in apoptosis due to interleukin-3 (IL3) deprivation: iron-loaded form increases intracellular iron concentration without promoting apoptosis, while iron-free form decreases intracellular iron levels, inducing expression of the proapoptotic protein BCL2L11/BIM, resulting in apoptosis. Involved in innate immunity, possibly by sequestrating iron, leading to limit bacterial growth. Belongs to the calycin superfamily. Lipocalin family. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted; Secreted, signal peptide
Cellular Component: extracellular space; cell; extracellular region; cytosol
Molecular Function: protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; protease binding; transporter activity; iron ion binding
Biological Process: response to drug; iron ion homeostasis; transport; immune system process; apoptosis; response to virus; siderophore transport; positive regulation of cell projection organization and biogenesis; innate immune response; ion transport; response to herbicide
Reference #:  P11672 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: 24p3; AW212229; Lcn2; lipocalin 2; Lipocalin-2; Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin; NGAL; OTTMUSP00000013951; p25; secreted inducible protein 24; Sip24; SV-40-induced 24P3 protein
Gene Symbols: Lcn2
Molecular weight: 22,875 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.96  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
Select Structure to View Below

LCN2

Protein Structure Not Found.


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