a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family which plays a fundamental role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. Most abundantly expressed in placenta and pancreas. Restricted to the dendritic subpopulation of the leukocytes. It recognizes dsRNA associated with viral infection. Acts via MyD88 and TRAF6, leading to the activation of NF-kappaB and the production of type I interferon. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Receptor, cytokine
Cellular Component: Golgi membrane; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; cell surface; membrane; integral to plasma membrane; lysosomal membrane; cytoplasm; endosome membrane
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.