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Protein Page:
BMP4 (human)
p Phosphorylation
ac Acetylation
me Methylation
m1 Mono-methylation
m2 Di-methylation
m3 Tri-methylation
ub Ubiquitylation
sm Sumoylation
ne Neddylation
gl O-GlcNAc
ga O-GalNAc
pa Palmitoylation
ad Adenylation
sn S-Nitrosylation
ca Caspase cleavage
sc Succinylation

BMP4 Induces cartilage and bone formation. Also act in mesoderm induction, tooth development, limb formation and fracture repair. Acts in concert with PTHLH/PTHRP to stimulate ductal outgrowth during embryonic mammary development and to inhibit hair follicle induction. Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Interacts with GREM2. Part of a complex consisting of TWSG1 and CHRD. Interacts with the serine proteases, HTRA1 and HTRA3; the interaction with either inhibits BMP4-mediated signaling. The HTRA protease activity is required for this inhibition. Interacts with SOSTDC1. Expressed in the lung and lower levels seen in the kidney. Present also in normal and neoplastic prostate tissues, and prostate cancer cell lines. Belongs to the TGF-beta family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted, signal peptide; Secreted
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 14q22-q23
Cellular Component: extracellular space; proteinaceous extracellular matrix; cytoplasm; extracellular region
Molecular Function: heparin binding; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; growth factor activity; cytokine activity; transforming growth factor beta receptor binding; chemoattractant activity
Biological Process: negative regulation of MAP kinase activity; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; renal system process; macrophage differentiation; activation of MAPKK activity; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; response to glucocorticoid stimulus; negative regulation of chondrocyte differentiation; lymphoid progenitor cell differentiation; telencephalon regionalization; post-embryonic development; germ cell development; BMP signaling pathway; regulation of protein import into nucleus; positive regulation of endothelial cell differentiation; positive chemotaxis; chondrocyte differentiation; erythrocyte differentiation; mesonephros development; kidney development; regulation of odontogenesis of dentine-containing teeth; endochondral ossification; positive regulation of cardiac muscle fiber development; negative regulation of immature T cell proliferation in the thymus; specification of organ position; tongue morphogenesis; monocyte differentiation; neuron fate commitment; response to testosterone stimulus; embryonic cranial skeleton morphogenesis; negative regulation of striated muscle development; branching morphogenesis of a tube; retina development in camera-type eye; negative regulation of mitosis; positive regulation of epidermal cell differentiation; negative regulation of phosphorylation; hemopoietic progenitor cell differentiation; steroid hormone mediated signaling; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; embryonic digit morphogenesis; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; alveolus development; positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; negative regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of protein binding; wound healing; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; positive regulation of collagen biosynthetic process; cloacal septation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; embryonic hindlimb morphogenesis; anatomical structure regression; response to estradiol stimulus; negative regulation of cell cycle; odontogenesis; negative regulation of cell proliferation; smooth muscle development; inner ear receptor cell differentiation; ovarian follicle development; ureteric bud development; intermediate mesodermal cell differentiation; regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation; positive regulation of BMP signaling pathway; dorsoventral neural tube patterning; negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; smoothened signaling pathway; response to retinoic acid; common-partner SMAD protein phosphorylation; negative regulation of T cell differentiation in the thymus; positive regulation of bone mineralization; positive regulation of ossification; odontogenesis of dentine-containing teeth; osteoblast differentiation; negative regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation; positive regulation of osteoblast differentiation; telencephalon development; blood vessel endothelial cell proliferation during sprouting angiogenesis; pituitary gland development; ureteric bud branching; regulation of cell fate commitment; neural tube closure; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of myoblast differentiation; mesodermal cell fate determination; anterior/posterior axis specification
Disease: Orofacial Cleft 11; Microphthalmia, Syndromic 6
Reference #:  P12644 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: BMP-2B; BMP-4; BMP2B; BMP2B1; BMP4; Bone morphogenetic protein 2B; Bone morphogenetic protein 4; DVR4; MCOPS6; OFC11; ZYME
Gene Symbols: BMP4
Molecular weight: 46,555 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.97  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  ESC Pluripotency and Differentiation  |  Wnt/├č-Catenin Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

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Modification Sites in Parent Protein, Orthologs, and Isoforms Show Modification Legend

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LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.


HTP: The number of records in which this modification site was assigned using ONLY proteomic discovery-mode mass spectrometry.




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