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Protein Page:
BMP4 (human)
p Phosphorylation
ac Acetylation
me Methylation
m1 Mono-methylation
m2 Di-methylation
m3 Tri-methylation
ub Ubiquitination
sm Sumoylation
ne Neddylation
gl O-GlcNAc
ga O-GalNAc
pa Palmitoylation
ad Adenylylation
sn S-Nitrosylation
ca Caspase cleavage
sc Succinylation

BMP4 Induces cartilage and bone formation. Also act in mesoderm induction, tooth development, limb formation and fracture repair. Acts in concert with PTHLH/PTHRP to stimulate ductal outgrowth during embryonic mammary development and to inhibit hair follicle induction. Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Interacts with GREM2. Part of a complex consisting of TWSG1 and CHRD. Interacts with the serine proteases, HTRA1 and HTRA3; the interaction with either inhibits BMP4-mediated signaling. The HTRA protease activity is required for this inhibition. Interacts with SOSTDC1. Expressed in the lung and lower levels seen in the kidney. Present also in normal and neoplastic prostate tissues, and prostate cancer cell lines. Belongs to the TGF-beta family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted, signal peptide; Secreted
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 14q22-q23
Cellular Component: proteinaceous extracellular matrix; extracellular space; extracellular region
Molecular Function: heparin binding; protein binding; growth factor activity; cytokine activity; transforming growth factor beta receptor binding; chemoattractant activity
Biological Process: negative regulation of MAP kinase activity; renal system process; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; macrophage differentiation; activation of MAPKK activity; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; negative regulation of chondrocyte differentiation; lymphoid progenitor cell differentiation; telencephalon regionalization; germ cell development; post-embryonic development; BMP signaling pathway; regulation of protein import into nucleus; positive regulation of endothelial cell differentiation; positive chemotaxis; erythrocyte differentiation; chondrocyte differentiation; mesonephros development; kidney development; endochondral ossification; regulation of odontogenesis of dentine-containing teeth; negative regulation of immature T cell proliferation in the thymus; positive regulation of cardiac muscle fiber development; specification of organ position; monocyte differentiation; neuron fate commitment; embryonic cranial skeleton morphogenesis; negative regulation of striated muscle development; branching morphogenesis of a tube; negative regulation of mitosis; positive regulation of epidermal cell differentiation; negative regulation of phosphorylation; steroid hormone mediated signaling; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; hemopoietic progenitor cell differentiation; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; embryonic digit morphogenesis; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; alveolus development; positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; negative regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of protein binding; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; positive regulation of collagen biosynthetic process; cloacal septation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; embryonic hindlimb morphogenesis; negative regulation of cell cycle; odontogenesis; smooth muscle development; negative regulation of cell proliferation; inner ear receptor cell differentiation; ureteric bud development; intermediate mesodermal cell differentiation; regulation of smooth muscle cell differentiation; dorsoventral neural tube patterning; positive regulation of BMP signaling pathway; negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; smoothened signaling pathway; common-partner SMAD protein phosphorylation; negative regulation of T cell differentiation in the thymus; positive regulation of bone mineralization; positive regulation of ossification; odontogenesis of dentine-containing teeth; osteoblast differentiation; positive regulation of osteoblast differentiation; blood vessel endothelial cell proliferation during sprouting angiogenesis; telencephalon development; ureteric bud branching; pituitary gland development; neural tube closure; regulation of cell fate commitment; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of myoblast differentiation; positive regulation of neuron differentiation; mesodermal cell fate determination; anterior/posterior axis specification
Disease: Orofacial Cleft 11; Microphthalmia, Syndromic 6
Reference #:  P12644 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: BMP-2B; BMP-4; BMP2B; BMP2B1; BMP4; Bone morphogenetic protein 2B; Bone morphogenetic protein 4; DVR4; MCOPS6; OFC11; ZYME
Gene Symbols: BMP4
Molecular weight: 46,555 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 8.97  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  ESC Pluripotency and Differentiation  |  Wnt/├č-Catenin Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

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Modification Sites and Domains Show Modification Legend
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Modification Sites in Parent Protein, Orthologs, and Isoforms Show Modification Legend

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SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.


MS: The number of records in which this modification site was assigned using ONLY proteomic discovery-mode mass spectrometry.




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