Antagonizes canonical Wnt signaling by inhibiting LRP5/6 interaction with Wnt and by forming a ternary complex with the transmembrane protein KREMEN that promotes internalization of LRP5/6. DKKs play an important role in vertebrate development, where they locally inhibit Wnt regulated processes such as antero- posterior axial patterning, limb development, somitogenesis and eye formation. In the adult, Dkks are implicated in bone formation and bone disease, cancer and Alzheimer disease. Interacts with LRP6. Interacts (via the C-termianl Cys- rich domain) with LRP5 (via beta-propeller regions 3 and 4); the interaction, enhanced by MESD and or KREMEN, antagonizes Wnt- mediated signaling. Placenta. Belongs to the dickkopf family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Inhibitor protein; Secreted; Secreted, signal peptide
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.