Receptor for retinoic acid. Retinoic acid receptors bind as heterodimers to their target response elements in response to their ligands, all-trans or 9-cis retinoic acid, and regulate gene expression in various biological processes. The RAR/RXR heterodimers bind to the retinoic acid response elements (RARE) composed of tandem 5'-AGGTCA-3' sites known as DR1-DR5. The high affinity ligand for RXRs is 9-cis retinoic acid. Homodimer. Heterodimer with a RAR molecule. Binds DNA preferentially as a RAR/RXR heterodimer. Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR2 subfamily. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Nuclear receptor; DNA binding protein
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1q22-q23
Cellular Component: nucleoplasm
Molecular Function: protein binding; zinc ion binding; retinoid-X receptor activity; sequence-specific DNA binding; steroid hormone receptor activity
Biological Process: retinoic acid receptor signaling pathway; neuron differentiation; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter; skeletal muscle development; response to retinoic acid; regulation of myelination; heart development; gene expression; steroid hormone mediated signaling; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; peripheral nervous system development
Alt. Names/Synonyms: NR2B3; Nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group B member 3; Retinoic acid receptor RXR-gamma; Retinoid X receptor gamma; retinoid X receptor, gamma; retinoid X receptor-gamma; RXRC; RXRG
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.