a G-protein coupled receptor. The light-absorbing visual pigment in Rod photoreceptor cells. Mediates vision in dim light. Consists of the apoprotein, opsin, covalently linked to cis-retinal. Defects in RHO are a cause of autosomal retinitis pigmentosa and congenital stationary night blindness. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Receptor, GPCR; Membrane protein, multi-pass; GPCR, family 1; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 3q21-q24
Cellular Component: Golgi apparatus; photoreceptor inner segment; photoreceptor outer segment; integral to plasma membrane; plasma membrane; rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Molecular Function: G-protein coupled receptor activity; protein binding; metal ion binding; photoreceptor activity; retinal binding
Biological Process: rhodopsin mediated signaling; G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; phototransduction, visible light; red, far-red light phototransduction; regulation of rhodopsin mediated signaling; visual perception; retina development in camera-type eye; retinoid metabolic process; protein-chromophore linkage; protein amino acid phosphorylation
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.