Calcium-dependent lectin displaying mannose-binding specificity. Induces the formation of Birbeck granules (BGs); is a potent regulator of membrane superimposition and zippering. Binds to sulfated as well as mannosylated glycans, keratan sulfate (KS) and beta-glucans. Facilitates uptake of antigens and is involved in the routing and/or processing of antigen for presentation to T cells. Major receptor on primary Langerhans cells for Candida species, Saccharomyces species, and Malassezia furfur. Protects against human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection. Binds to high-mannose structures present on the envelope glycoprotein which is followed by subsequent targeting of the virus to the Birbeck granules leading to its rapid degradation. Homotrimer. Exclusively expressed by Langerhans cells. Expressed in astrocytoma and malignant ependymoma, but not in normal brain tissues. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Receptor, misc.
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 2p13
Cellular Component: early endosome membrane; endocytic vesicle; plasma membrane; integral to membrane
Biological Process: antigen processing and presentation of peptide antigen via MHC class I; antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I; antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I, TAP-dependent; defense response to virus
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.