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Protein Page:
TLR2 (human)

TLR2 Cooperates with LY96 to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipoproteins and other microbial cell wall components. Cooperates with TLR1 to mediate the innate immune response to bacterial lipoproteins or lipopeptides. Acts via MYD88 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. May also promote apoptosis in response to lipoproteins. Recognizes mycoplasmal macrophage- activating lipopeptide-2kD (MALP-2), soluble tuberculosis factor (STF), phenol-soluble modulin (PSM) and B.burgdorferi outer surface protein A lipoprotein (OspA-L) cooperatively with TLR6. Interacts with LY96, TLR1 and TLR6 (via extracellular domain). Binds MYD88 (via TIR domain). Interacts with TICAM1. Ligand binding induces the formation of a heterodimer with TLR1. Interacts with CNPY3. Highly expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes, in particular in monocytes, in bone marrow, lymph node and in spleen. Also detected in lung and in fetal liver. Levels are low in other tissues. Belongs to the Toll-like receptor family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Receptor, misc.; Cell surface; Apoptosis; Membrane protein, integral; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Cellular Component: cell projection; cell surface; integral to plasma membrane; cytoplasm; plasma membrane; external side of plasma membrane
Molecular Function: protein binding; peptidoglycan binding; transmembrane receptor activity; protein heterodimerization activity; triacylated lipoprotein binding; lipopolysaccharide receptor activity; receptor activity; pattern recognition receptor activity; diacylated lipoprotein binding
Biological Process: positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; response to toxin; positive regulation of leukocyte migration; leukotriene metabolic process; positive regulation of NF-kappaB import into nucleus; detection of triacylated bacterial lipoprotein; positive regulation of interleukin-10 production; activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; positive regulation of interferon-beta production; positive regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation; toll-like receptor 4 signaling pathway; negative regulation of interleukin-12 production; detection of diacylated bacterial lipoprotein; cell surface pattern recognition receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of interleukin-6 production; positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production; positive regulation of chemokine production; toll-like receptor 2 signaling pathway; defense response to Gram-positive bacterium; myelin formation in the central nervous system; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; I-kappaB phosphorylation; response to progesterone stimulus; positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase biosynthetic process; microglial cell activation during immune response; apoptosis; positive regulation of interleukin-12 production; pathogen-associated molecular pattern dependent induction by symbiont of host innate immunity; response to molecule of fungal origin; signal transduction; positive regulation of interleukin-18 production; nitric oxide metabolic process; response to insulin stimulus; positive regulation of interleukin-8 production; negative regulation of cell proliferation; lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway; inflammatory response; positive regulation of Wnt receptor signaling pathway; positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor biosynthetic process; positive regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway; induction by symbiont of defense-related host nitric oxide production; MyD88-dependent toll-like receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of interleukin-17 production; toll-like receptor signaling pathway; response to hypoxia; innate immune response; immune response; chloramphenicol transport; positive regulation of inflammatory response; positive regulation of cytokine secretion
Reference #:  O60603 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: CD282; TIL4; TLR2; Toll-like receptor 2; toll/interleukin 1 receptor-like 4; Toll/interleukin-1 receptor-like protein 4
Gene Symbols: TLR2
Molecular weight: 89,838 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 6.17  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  NF-kB Signaling  |  Toll-Like Receptor Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
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Protein Structure Not Found.

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Modification Sites and Domains  

Modification Sites in Parent Protein, Orthologs, and Isoforms  

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SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.


MS: The number of records in which this modification site was assigned using ONLY proteomic discovery-mode mass spectrometry.




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