Fibrinogen has a double function: yielding monomers that polymerize into fibrin and acting as a cofactor in platelet aggregation. Defects in FGG are a cause of congenital afibrinogenemia (CAFBN). This rare autosomal recessive disorder is characterized by bleeding that varies from mild to severe and by complete absence or extremely low levels of plasma and platelet fibrinogen. Patients with congenital fibrinogen abnormalities can manifest different clinical pictures. Some cases are clinically silent, some show a tendency toward bleeding and some show a predisposition for thrombosis with or without bleeding. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted; Secreted, signal peptide
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 4q28
Cellular Component: extracellular space; cell surface; fibrinogen complex; plasma membrane; extracellular region; cell cortex; external side of plasma membrane
Molecular Function: protein binding, bridging; metal ion binding; cell adhesion molecule binding; structural molecule activity; receptor binding
Biological Process: protein polymerization; platelet activation; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; positive regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion; cellular protein complex assembly; platelet degranulation; positive regulation of protein secretion; cell-matrix adhesion; positive regulation of vasoconstriction; response to calcium ion; blood coagulation; signal transduction; positive regulation of exocytosis
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.