Largest component and core scaffold of the TFIID basal transcription factor complex. Contains novel N- and C-terminal Ser/Thr kinase domains which can autophosphorylate or transphosphorylate other transcription factors. Phosphorylates TP53 on 'Thr-55' which leads to MDM2-mediated degradation of TP53. Phosphorylates GTF2A1 and GTF2F1 on Ser residues. Possesses DNA- binding activity. Essential for progression of the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Defects in TAF1 are the cause of dystonia type 3 (DYT3); also called X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism (XDP). DYT3 is a X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism disorder. Dystonia is defined by the presence of sustained involuntary muscle contractions, often leading to abnormal postures. DYT3 is characterized by severe progressive torsion dystonia followed by parkinsonism. Its prevalence is high in the Philippines. DYT3 has a well-defined pathology of extensive neuronal loss and mosaic gliosis in the striatum (caudate nucleus and putamen) which appears to resemble that in Huntington disease. Belongs to the TAF1 family. 4 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: DNA binding protein; Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); EC 126.96.36.199; EC 188.8.131.52; Protein kinase, atypical; Transcription, coactivator/corepressor; ATYPICAL group; TAF1 family
Molecular Function: protein serine/threonine kinase activity; protein binding; histone acetyltransferase activity; sequence-specific DNA binding; p53 binding; TATA-binding protein binding; transcription coactivator activity; transcription factor binding; ATP binding
Biological Process: transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter; viral reproduction; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; transcription initiation; peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation; transcriptional preinitiation complex assembly; cell cycle; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; positive regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; RNA elongation from RNA polymerase II promoter; gene expression; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; histone acetylation; response to DNA damage stimulus
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.