a myeloid cell leukemia protein of the Bcl-2 family of proteins. Two alternatively spliced transcripts encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. The longer gene product (isoform 1) enhances cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis while the alternatively spliced shorter gene product (isoform 2) promotes apoptosis and is death-inducing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Channel, misc.; Apoptosis; Mitochondrial; Inhibitor protein
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1q21
Cellular Component: nucleoplasm; mitochondrial outer membrane; mitochondrion; membrane; mitochondrial matrix; cytoplasm; integral to membrane; nucleus; cytosol
Molecular Function: protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; protein heterodimerization activity; protein channel activity; BH3 domain binding
Biological Process: apoptotic mitochondrial changes; DNA damage response, signal transduction resulting in induction of apoptosis; response to cytokine stimulus; multicellular organismal development; cellular homeostasis; cell fate determination
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.