E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that mediates the polyubiquitination of a number of proteins such as CD3D, CYP3A4, CFTR and APOB for proteasomal degradation. Component of a VCP/p97- AMFR/gp78 complex that participates in the final step of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD). The VCP/p97- AMFR/gp78 complex is involved in the sterol-accelerated ERAD degradation of HMGCR through binding to the HMGCR-INSIG complex at the ER membrane and initiating ubiquitination of HMGCR. The ubiquitinated HMGCR is then released from the ER by the complex into the cytosol for subsequent destruction. Also acts as a scaffold protein to assemble a complex that couples ubiquitination, retranslocation and deglycosylation. Mediates tumor invasion and metastasis. Interacts with RNF5. Also forms an ERAD complex containing VCP/p97, NGLY1; PSMC1; SAKS1 AND RAD23B required for coupling retrotranslocation, ubiquitination and deglycosylation. Interacts with DRL1. Interacts (through a region distinct from the RING finger) with UBE2G2/UBC7. Component of the VCP/p97-AMFR/gp78 complex that enhances VCP/p97 binding to polyubiquitinated proteins for their degradation by the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. Interacts (via the VIM) with VCP/p97. Interacts (via its membrane domain) with INSIG1; the interaction initiates the sterol-mediated ubiquitination and degradation of HMGCR by the ERAD pathway. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Cellular Component: endoplasmic reticulum membrane; protein complex; growth cone; membrane; cell soma; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; dendrite; integral to membrane; integral to endoplasmic reticulum membrane; nucleus
Molecular Function: protein binding; zinc ion binding; ubiquitin-protein ligase activity; receptor activity; ligase activity
Biological Process: ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; ER-associated protein catabolic process; learning and/or memory; protein polyubiquitination; unfolded protein response; signal transduction; cell motility; protein oligomerization; aging
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.