probable catalytic subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (beta-amyloid precursor protein). Requires the other members of the gamma-secretase complex to have a protease activity. May play a role in intracellular signaling and gene expression or in linking chromatin to the nuclear membrane. Regulates epithelial- cadherin function. Five alternative splice isoforms have been identified. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Mitochondrial; EC 3.4.23.-; Cell surface; Protease; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Membrane protein, integral
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 14q24.3
Cellular Component: Golgi apparatus; centrosome; nuclear outer membrane; cell surface; smooth endoplasmic reticulum; mitochondrion; integral to plasma membrane; lysosomal membrane; integral to membrane; lipid raft; kinetochore; ciliary rootlet; membrane; cell soma; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; mitochondrial inner membrane; apical plasma membrane; cytoplasmic vesicle; dendritic shaft; neuromuscular junction; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; nuclear membrane; rough endoplasmic reticulum; endoplasmic reticulum; cell cortex; Z disc; Golgi membrane; growth cone; axon
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.