Dopamine receptor whose activity is mediated by G proteins which inhibit adenylyl cyclase. Defects in DRD2 are associated with dystonia type 11 (DYT11); also known as alcohol-responsive dystonia. DYT11 is a myoclonic dystonia. Dystonia is defined by the presence of sustained involuntary muscle contractions, often leading to abnormal postures. DYT11 is characterized by involuntary lightning jerks and dystonic movements and postures alleviated by alcohol. Inheritance is autosomal dominant. The age of onset, pattern of body involvement, presence of myoclonus and response to alcohol are all variable. Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Receptor, GPCR; GPCR, family 1; Membrane protein, multi-pass
Molecular Function: dopamine D2 receptor-like receptor activity; identical protein binding; ionotropic glutamate receptor binding; protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; potassium channel regulator activity; adrenoceptor activity; protein heterodimerization activity; dopamine binding; drug binding
Biological Process: response to nicotine; elevation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration during G-protein signaling, coupled to IP3 second messenger (phospholipase C activating); prepulse inhibition; positive regulation of dopamine uptake; response to toxin; positive regulation of receptor internalization; thermoregulation; positive regulation of multicellular organism growth; regulation of phosphoprotein phosphatase activity; adult walking behavior; dopamine metabolic process; negative regulation of insulin secretion; dopamine receptor, adenylate cyclase inhibiting pathway; protein localization; negative regulation of blood pressure; phosphatidylinositol metabolic process; response to drug; response to inactivity; positive regulation of neuroblast proliferation; response to light stimulus; cerebral cortex GABAergic interneuron migration; negative regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergic; regulation of sodium ion transport; arachidonic acid secretion; regulation of synaptic transmission, GABAergic; positive regulation of growth hormone secretion; G-protein coupled receptor internalization; reduction of cytosolic calcium ion concentration; activation of protein kinase activity; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; regulation of long-term neuronal synaptic plasticity; synaptic transmission, dopaminergic; peristalsis; branching morphogenesis of a nerve; negative regulation of circadian sleep/wake cycle, sleep; response to morphine; locomotory behavior; behavioral response to ethanol; orbitofrontal cortex development; negative regulation of cell proliferation; synaptogenesis; behavioral response to cocaine; adenohypophysis development; visual learning; nerve-nerve synaptic transmission; feeding behavior; circadian regulation of gene expression; response to axon injury; negative regulation of dopamine secretion; negative regulation of cell migration; response to iron ion; associative learning; grooming behavior; positive regulation of cytokinesis; negative regulation of protein secretion; negative regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; Wnt receptor signaling pathway; striatum development; regulation of heart rate; regulation of potassium ion transport; regulation of cAMP metabolic process; negative regulation of adenylate cyclase activity; sensory perception of smell; response to amphetamine; auditory behavior; regulation of dopamine uptake; response to cocaine; cellular calcium ion homeostasis; regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure by neurological process; negative regulation of dopamine receptor signaling pathway; axonogenesis; long-term memory; pigmentation; positive regulation of G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; response to hypoxia; regulation of synapse structural plasticity; dopamine receptor, phospholipase C activating pathway
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.