a ubiquitous pro-apoptotic protein that promotes pro-caspase-9 maturation and activation of NF-kappa-B via NIK and IKK. May be an adapter protein between upstream TNFR1-TRADD-RIP complex and the downstream NIK-IKK-IKAP complex. Self-associates via CARD-CARD interactions; forms a tight complex with MALT1. Interacts with other CARD-proteins such as CARD9, CARD10, CARD11 and CARD14. Binds caspase-9 with its C-terminal domain. Interacts with TRAF2 and BIRC2/c-IAP2. Defects in BCL10 are involved in various types of cancer. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Apoptosis; Transcription, coactivator/corepressor
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1p22
Cellular Component: CBM complex; protein complex; lysosome; immunological synapse; cytosol; lipid raft; T cell receptor complex; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; cytoplasmic microtubule; cytoplasm; plasma membrane; lipopolysaccharide receptor complex; nucleus
Molecular Function: protein C-terminus binding; protein kinase B binding; ubiquitin binding; protein self-association; protease binding; transcription coactivator activity; transcription factor binding; protein kinase binding; NF-kappaB binding; protein binding; enzyme binding; ubiquitin protein ligase binding; kinase activator activity; kinase binding
Biological Process: cell death; response to fungus; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; B cell apoptosis; positive regulation of caspase activity; T cell receptor signaling pathway; interleukin-6 biosynthetic process; activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; negative regulation of mature B cell apoptosis; response to molecule of bacterial origin; protein homooligomerization; response to food; adaptive immune response; positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; positive regulation of interleukin-8 biosynthetic process; protein oligomerization; positive regulation of protein ubiquitination; regulation of T cell receptor signaling pathway; lymphotoxin A biosynthetic process; neural tube closure; toll-like receptor signaling pathway; cellular defense response; innate immune response; immunoglobulin mediated immune response; positive regulation of T cell activation; positive regulation of mast cell cytokine production; positive regulation of phosphorylation
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.