Seems to play a role in the regulation of RhoA GTPase by guanine nucleotide-binding alpha-12 (GNA12) and alpha-13 (GNA13) subunits. Acts as GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for GNA12 and GNA13, and as guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RhoA GTPase. Activated G alpha 13/GNA13 stimulates the RhoGEF activity through interaction with the RGS-like domain. This GEF activity is inhibited by binding to activated GNA12. Mediates angiotensin-2- induced RhoA activation. Interacts with RHOA, GNA12 and GNA13. Homooligomerizes through the coiled coil region. May interact with CCPG1. Interacts with CTNNAL1. Ubiquitously expressed. 3 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Guanine nucleotide exchange factor, Rac/Rho; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Biological Process: cell proliferation; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; regulation of Rho protein signal transduction; negative regulation of axonogenesis; regulation of axonogenesis; Rho protein signal transduction
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.