Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Binds to CCR1, CCR4 and CCR5. One of the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8+ T-cells. Recombinant MIP-1-alpha induces a dose-dependent inhibition of different strains of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted, signal peptide; Secreted; Chemokine; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; CCR1 chemokine receptor binding; protein binding; chemokine activity; calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity; kinase activity; CCR5 chemokine receptor binding; chemoattractant activity; protein kinase activity; phospholipase activator activity
Biological Process: negative regulation of osteoclast differentiation; exocytosis; behavior; response to toxin; positive regulation of calcium-mediated signaling; positive regulation of interleukin-1 beta secretion; chemotaxis; negative regulation of bone mineralization; monocyte chemotaxis; regulation of cell shape; cell-cell signaling; positive chemotaxis; positive regulation of neuron apoptosis; calcium ion transport; protein kinase B signaling cascade; lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway; inflammatory response; lymphocyte chemotaxis; neutrophil chemotaxis; calcium-mediated signaling; MAPKKK cascade; cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production; release of sequestered calcium ion by sarcoplasmic reticulum into cytosol; macrophage chemotaxis; cellular calcium ion homeostasis; osteoblast differentiation; G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; cell activation; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; eosinophil chemotaxis; eosinophil degranulation; regulation of sensory perception of pain; positive regulation of calcium ion transport; astrocyte cell migration; positive regulation of inflammatory response; positive regulation of cell migration; positive regulation of GTPase activity