Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Binds to CCR1, CCR4 and CCR5. One of the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8+ T-cells. Recombinant MIP-1-alpha induces a dose-dependent inhibition of different strains of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Chemokine; Secreted, signal peptide
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; CCR1 chemokine receptor binding; protein binding; chemokine activity; calcium-dependent protein kinase C activity; kinase activity; chemoattractant activity; phospholipase activator activity; CCR5 chemokine receptor binding; protein kinase activity
Biological Process: positive regulation of catalytic activity; negative regulation of osteoclast differentiation; exocytosis; response to toxin; behavior; positive regulation of calcium-mediated signaling; positive regulation of interleukin-1 beta secretion; chemotaxis; protein amino acid phosphorylation; regulation of cell shape; monocyte chemotaxis; negative regulation of bone mineralization; cell-cell signaling; positive chemotaxis; calcium ion transport; positive regulation of neuron apoptosis; protein kinase B signaling cascade; lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway; inflammatory response; lymphocyte chemotaxis; neutrophil chemotaxis; calcium-mediated signaling; MAPKKK cascade; cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; release of sequestered calcium ion by sarcoplasmic reticulum into cytosol; positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production; macrophage chemotaxis; cellular calcium ion homeostasis; osteoblast differentiation; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; cell activation; eosinophil chemotaxis; eosinophil degranulation; regulation of sensory perception of pain; positive regulation of calcium ion transport; astrocyte cell migration; positive regulation of cell migration; positive regulation of inflammatory response