Cytokine that in its homotrimeric form binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1, TNFRSF1B/TNFBR and TNFRSF14/HVEM. In its heterotrimeric form with LTB binds to TNFRSF3/LTBR. Lymphotoxin is produced by lymphocytes and cytotoxic for a wide range of tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. Genetic variations in LTA are a cause of susceptibility psoriatic arthritis (PSORAS). PSORAS is an inflammatory, seronegative arthritis associated with psoriasis. It is a heterogeneous disorder ranging from a mild, non-destructive disease to a severe, progressive, erosive arthropathy. Five types of psoriatic arthritis have been defined: asymmetrical oligoarthritis characterized by primary involvement of the small joints of the fingers or toes; asymmetrical arthritis which involves the joints of the extremities; symmetrical polyarthritis characterized by a rheumatoidlike pattern that can involve hands, wrists, ankles, and feet; arthritis mutilans, which is a rare but deforming and destructive condition; arthritis of the sacroiliac joints and spine (psoriatic spondylitis). Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Secreted, signal peptide; Cytokine; Apoptosis; Secreted
Biological Process: response to drug; positive regulation of humoral immune response mediated by circulating immunoglobulin; positive regulation of apoptosis; apoptosis; response to lipopolysaccharide; signal transduction; lymph node development; humoral immune response; defense response to Gram-positive bacterium; positive regulation of interferon-gamma production; cell-cell signaling; negative regulation of fibroblast proliferation; response to hypoxia; positive regulation of chronic inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus; response to nutrient