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Protein Page:
leptin (human)

leptin May function as part of a signaling pathway that acts to regulate the size of the body fat depot. An increase in the level of LEP may act directly or indirectly on the CNS to inhibit food intake and/or regulate energy expenditure as part of a homeostatic mechanism to maintain constancy of the adipose mass. Defects in LEP may be a cause of obesity (OBESITY). It is a condition characterized by an increase of body weight beyond the limitation of skeletal and physical requirements, as the result of excessive accumulation of body fat. Belongs to the leptin family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Cell development/differentiation; Secreted; Hormone; Secreted, signal peptide
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 7q31.3
Cellular Component: extracellular space; cytoplasm; extracellular region
Molecular Function: peptide hormone receptor binding; growth factor activity; hormone activity
Biological Process: circadian rhythm; response to dietary excess; positive regulation of myeloid cell differentiation; regulation of fat cell differentiation; regulation of steroid biosynthetic process; female pregnancy; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; glucose homeostasis; negative regulation of appetite; positive regulation of luteinizing hormone secretion; positive regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein; response to insulin stimulus; response to vitamin E; positive regulation of MAPKKK cascade; regulation of cholesterol absorption; regulation of blood pressure; positive regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of ion transport; central nervous system neuron development; placenta development; positive regulation of cytokine production; cholesterol metabolic process; positive regulation of developmental growth; bile acid metabolic process; eating behavior; glucose metabolic process; adult feeding behavior; ovulation from ovarian follicle; leptin-mediated signaling pathway; negative regulation of vasoconstriction; tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein; fatty acid beta-oxidation; insulin secretion; glycerol biosynthetic process; energy reserve metabolic process; response to hypoxia; hormone metabolic process; regulation of gluconeogenesis; positive regulation of follicle-stimulating hormone secretion; positive regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway; leukocyte tethering or rolling; regulation of insulin secretion; negative regulation of apoptosis
Disease: Leptin Deficiency
Reference #:  P41159 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: FLJ94114; LEP; OB; obese; obesity factor; OBS
Gene Symbols: LEP
Molecular weight: 18,641 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.88  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  AMPK Signaling
Select Structure to View Below


Protein Structure Not Found.

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Modification Sites and Domains  

Modification Sites in Parent Protein, Orthologs, and Isoforms  

Show Multiple Sequence Alignment


LTP: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.


HTP: The number of records in which this modification site was assigned using ONLY proteomic discovery-mode mass spectrometry.



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