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Protein Page:
Insulin (human)

Overview
Insulin Insulin decreases blood glucose concentration. It increases cell permeability to monosaccharides, amino acids and fatty acids. It accelerates glycolysis, the pentose phosphate cycle, and glycogen synthesis in liver. Heterodimer of a B chain and an A chain linked by two disulfide bonds. Belongs to the insulin family. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Hormone; Secreted, signal peptide; Secreted
Cellular Component: extracellular space; endoplasmic reticulum lumen; Golgi lumen; extracellular region
Molecular Function: identical protein binding; insulin-like growth factor receptor binding; protein binding; protease binding; hormone activity; insulin receptor binding
Biological Process: positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; positive regulation of vasodilation; glucose homeostasis; activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; positive regulation of glucose import; negative regulation of protein oligomerization; regulation of protein localization; cell-cell signaling; negative regulation of gluconeogenesis; acute-phase response; regulation of transmembrane transporter activity; negative regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase activity; positive regulation of mitosis; positive regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity; activation of protein kinase B; negative regulation of acute inflammatory response; glucose metabolic process; positive regulation of lipid biosynthetic process; positive regulation of protein amino acid autophosphorylation; positive regulation of cell growth; positive regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase cascade; positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; negative regulation of protein catabolic process; regulation of amino acid metabolic process; positive regulation of cell differentiation; negative regulation of glycogen catabolic process; wound healing; positive regulation of cellular protein metabolic process; positive regulation of glycogen biosynthetic process; glucose transport; regulation of protein secretion; negative regulation of lipid catabolic process; positive regulation of MAPKKK cascade; negative regulation of vasodilation; regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; positive regulation of cell proliferation; negative regulation of proteolysis; negative regulation of protein secretion; MAPKKK cascade; alpha-beta T cell activation; negative regulation of fatty acid metabolic process; endocrine pancreas development; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; cellular protein metabolic process; fatty acid homeostasis; positive regulation of glycolysis; insulin receptor signaling pathway; energy reserve metabolic process; positive regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway; regulation of insulin secretion; positive regulation of DNA replication; positive regulation of cell migration; positive regulation of cytokine secretion
Reference #:  P01308 (UniProtKB)
Alt. Names/Synonyms: ins; insulin; insulin (A chain, B chain)
Gene Symbols: INS
Molecular weight: 11,981 Da
Basal Isoelectric point: 5.22  Predict pI for various phosphorylation states
CST Pathways:  AMPK Signaling
Protein-Specific Antibodies or siRNAs from Cell Signaling Technology® Total Proteins
Select Structure to View Below

Insulin

Protein Structure Not Found.


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