This magnesium-dependent enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP coupled with the translocation of calcium from the cytosol to the sarcoplasmic reticulum lumen. Contributes to calcium sequestration involved in muscular excitation/contraction. Associated with sarcolipin (SLN) and phospholamban (PLN). Increased contractile activity leads to a decrease in SERCA1 expression, while decreased contractile activity leads to an increase in SERCA1 expression. Skeletal muscle, fast twitch muscle (type II) fibers. Reversibly inhibited by phospholamban (PLN) at low calcium concentrations. Dephosphorylated PLN decreases the apparent affinity of the ATPase for calcium. This inhibition is regulated by the phosphorylation of PLN. Belongs to the cation transport ATPase (P-type) (TC 3.A.3) family. Type IIA subfamily. 2 isoforms of the human protein are produced by alternative splicing. Note: This description may include information from UniProtKB.
Protein type: Transporter; Hydrolase; Transporter, ion channel; Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Endoplasmic reticulum; EC 220.127.116.11
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 16p12.1
Cellular Component: I band; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane; membrane; sarcoplasmic reticulum; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; integral to membrane; ER-Golgi intermediate compartment
Molecular Function: protein binding; protein homodimerization activity; calcium-transporting ATPase activity; calcium ion binding; ATP binding
Biological Process: ATP catabolic process; metabolic process; maintenance of mitochondrion localization; positive regulation of fast-twitch skeletal muscle contraction; elevation of endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion concentration; regulation of striated muscle contraction; elevation of mitochondrial calcium ion concentration; negative regulation of striated muscle contraction; apoptotic mitochondrial changes; reduction of endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion concentration; calcium ion transport; blood coagulation; transmembrane transport
SS: The number of records in which this modification site was determined using site-specific methods. SS methods include amino acid sequencing, site-directed mutagenesis, modification site-specific antibodies, specific MS strategies, etc.